Executive orders are made by the President of the United States [ POTUS ]. The Wiki claims that they are authorised by the American Constitution. I claim that I disagree. In fact the Wiki alleges that he is obliged to take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed. That is nothing like the idea that he can make his own arbitrary laws, suspend the American Constitution or appoint himself as the de facto ruler of America
Executive Orders ex Wiki
United States Presidents issue executive orders to help officers and agencies of the executive branch manage the operations within the federal government itself. Executive orders have the full force of law when they take authority from a power granted directly to the Executive by the Constitution, or are made in pursuance of certain Acts of Congress that explicitly delegate to the President some degree of discretionary power (delegated legislation). Like statutes or regulations promulgated by government agencies, executive orders are subject to judicial review, and may be struck down if deemed by the courts to be unsupported by statute or the Constitution. Major policy initiatives usually require approval by the legislative branch, but executive orders have significant influence over the internal affairs of government, deciding how and to what degree laws will be enforced, dealing with emergencies, waging war, and in general fine policy choices in the implementation of broad statutes..........
There is no constitutional provision nor statute that explicitly permits executive orders. The term "executive power" Article II, Section 1, Clause 1 of the Constitution, refers to the title of President as the executive. He is instructed therein by the declaration "take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed" made in Article II, Section 3, Clause 5, else he faces impeachment. Most executive orders use these Constitutional reasonings as the authorization allowing for their issuance to be justified as part of the President's sworn duties, the intent being to help direct officers of the U.S. Executive carry out their delegated duties as well as the normal operations of the federal government: the consequence of failing to comply possibly being the removal from office.
An executive order of the President must find support in the Constitution, either in a clause granting the President specific power, or by a delegation of power by Congress to the President.
The Office of the Federal Register is responsible for assigning the Executive order a sequential number after receipt of the signed original from the White House and printing the text of the Executive order in the daily Federal Register and Title 3 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
Other types of orders issued by "the Executive" are generally classified simply as administrative orders rather than Executive Orders. These are typically the following:
Presidential directives are considered a form of executive order issued by the President of the United States with the advice and consent of a major agency or department found within the Executive branch of government. Some types of Directives are the following:
- National Security Directives
- Homeland Security Presidential Directives (presidential decision directives)
JOHN F. KENNEDY
THE WHITE HOUSE, February 16, 1962.
The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Assistance And Emergency Relief Act,
13CFR123.1 Chapter I--Small Business Administration Part 123--Disaster Loan Program
US Code TITLE 50 - War and National Defence CHAPTER 34 - National Emergencies
Executive Order 10995
Executive Order 10997 --
Electric power, petroleum and gas, solid fuels, and minerals
Executive Order 10998 --
Food resources, farms, fertilizer, and facilities
Executive Order 10999 --
Transportation, the production and distribution of all materials
Executive Order 11000 --
Executive Order 11001 --
Health and welfare services, and educational programs
Executive Order 11002 --
National emergency registration system
Executive Order 11003 --
Air travel, airports, operating facilities
Executive Order 11004 --
Housing and community facilities
Executive Order 11005 --
Executive Order 11051 --
Executive Order 11490 --
Federal departments and agencies
Executive Order 12472 --
Executive Order 12656 --
Continuity of Government
Executive Order 12919 --
National Defense Industrial Preparedness
Executive Order 12938 --
Weapons Of Mass Destruction
Executive Order 13074 --
Noncombatant Evacuation Operations
"The President has the power to seize property, organize and control the means of production, seize commodities, assign military forces abroad, call reserve forces amounting to 2 1/2 million men to duty, institute martial law, seize and control all means of transportation, regulate all private enterprise, restrict travel, and in a plethora of particular ways, control the lives of all Americans...
Most [of these laws] remain a potential source of virtually unlimited power for a President should he choose to activate them. It is possible that some future President could exercise this vast authority in an attempt to place the United States under authoritarian rule.
While the danger of a dictatorship arising through legal means may seem remote to us today, recent history records Hitler seizing control through the use of the emergency powers provisions contained in the laws of the Weimar Republic."
--Joint Statement, Sens. Frank Church (D-ID) and Charles McMathias (R-MD) September 30, 1973